Wednesday, August 26, 2020
ITunes value changes hurt a few rankings - Assignment Example The article calls attention to that two days after Apple iTunes Music store raised its costs on certain people tracks, the deals plunged and with that the rankings of the tunes. The iTunes top 100 diagram enlisted 40 melodies at $1.29 and 60 tunes at the ordinary $0.99 value point. After the value change, the $1.29 tunes lost 5.3 places on the graph while the $0.99 melodies increased a normal 2.5 diagram positions. These progressions give a general thought of how steady changes in income can be reached. Going all over the diagram impacts the income enormously which thusly is affected by value changes. These progressions are exclusively graph position, yet a general thought of steady changes in income can be reached. By taking a gander at the unit deals of the latest Soundscan top track downloads diagram, the distinctive between graph positions can offer a view into how going here and there the outline impacts income. A suspicion here is that the iTunes Top 100 outline is illustrative of the Soundscan top track downloads diagram. Given its market strength, this is a sensible presumption. I picked this article since it gives a smart thought of how little changes in cost can pivot Sales. A noteworthy idea raised by this article is the manner by which how costs modify the rankings of tunes in the music business. The costs change the rankings and the rankings which thusly sway deals and income. This article identifies with section nine of our course book in which key issues identified with starting and reacting to value changes are examined. Purchaser response to value changes are a consequence of the worth the clients find in the value change. (Glenn Peoples) Works Cited Glenn Peoples, Nashville. How iTunes Price Changes Hurt Some Rankings. 10 April 2009. 19 May 2011 . Article: 7 out of 10 Americans state High gas costs hurt This article is identified with an ongoing section that we secured from our reading material. Clients donÃ¢â¬â¢t respond to value changes in an exceptionally straight forward manner. A cost increment is relied upon to bring down deals. This is on the grounds that a brandÃ¢â¬â¢s cost and its picture are intently integrated. Value changes will modify shopper observation about a specific item and the manner in which they need to expend it. In this manner cost is an extremely basic factor. I picked this article since it offers understanding into how value changes in a compulsory item, for example, gas impacts the basic man. The study was directed by USA today in which they inquired as to whether ongoing changes in costs of gas have affected them monetarily. 7 out of 10 Americans trusted it did. The greater part of them guaranteed that they have needed to make changes to represent more significant expenses of fuel. 21% of them felt the effect so vigorously that they trusted it endangered their way of life. (Stauss) Stauss, Gary. 7 of every 10 Americans state high gas costs hurt . 18 May 2011. 19 May 2011 . Article: Apple a nd Starbucks report music organization The article discusses the Apple and Starbucks music association. Under this association, clients at Starbucks will have the option to remotely peruse, search for music, purchase and download music from the iTunes Wi-Fi Music Store at Starbucks on their iPod contact, iphone, Mac or PCs running iTunes in a taking an interest area. They will likewise be accessible to benefit the new Ã¢â¬Å"Now PlayingÃ¢â¬ administration under which the name of the tune playing in the Starbucks store at that specific second will be appeared. They will at that point have the option to purchase and download melodies straightforwardly to their gadget. The organization will profit both Apple and Starbucks and is a great case of flat promoting. I chose this article since I felt that having free access to the iTunes Wi-Fi Music store and the Now Playing administration of Starbucks is an incredible approaches to pull in clients to both Starbucks and Apple iTunes. It wi ll trigger more noteworthy incomes for the two organizations. This
Saturday, August 22, 2020
An examination of the 1954 film, Rear Window by Alfred Hitchcock. This paper presents and talks about Hitchcocks film Rear Window. Explicitly it examines how the film draws upon the stylish conventions of past film developments, classes or national styles. It takes a gander at the act of voyeurism perception of others and how this ties into the subject of the film. Hitchcocks spine chiller Rear Window (1954) featured James Stewart and Grace Kelly, and recounts to the account of a picture taker stuck in a wheelchair with a messed up leg for half a month. He can't stand the fatigue and absence of action, so he starts watching his neighbors with a portion of his long range focal points. He finds a neighbor who he accepts is going to slaughter his significant other, and attempts to stop him, and spare the lady. Utilizing the narrative of a wheelchair-bound picture taker (James Stewart) who takes a break recovering from a wrecked leg by spying out his window into the lofts of his Greenwich Village neighbors, Hitchcock made a film that both energizes voyeurism and disgraces it, that won't censure it or cheer it (Taylor). We will compose a custom exposition test on Back Window or then again any comparative theme explicitly for you Don't WasteYour Time Recruit WRITER Just 13.90/page Voyeurism is obviously a primary topic of the film, however another subject is the cruelty of Stewart (or anybody) to sit and keep an eye on people groups individual minutes, for example, 'Miss Lonleyhearts' supper with a fanciful sweetheart who isn't there. He additionally observes her endeavor self destruction, and despite the fact that he calls the police, he does nothing else to support her. That is an analysis on our good ways from our neighbors, and our good ways from one another as people.
Sunday, August 16, 2020
Drama Are We Addicted to It Hollywood Says Yes. The Untrue Storyâ¦ This weekend I watched The Big Sick, a movie based on a true story about a Pakistani comedian, Kumail Nanjiani, and his white girlfriend, Emily Gordon. Kumail and Emilyâs real story is a truly great love story. They were dating for six months when Emily suddenly fell illâ"six months in which Kumail did not tell his family about Emily, fearing they would disown him. Then, while Emily was in a medically induced coma, Kumail recognized the level of his love for Emily. Upon her awakening, he asked her to marry him. They were wed two months later, in a Pakistani wedding, despite his parentsâ protests and âHow could you do this to us?â attitude. This story seems good enough for Hollywood to me, but to create more drama, Kumail and Emily (the authors of the screenplay about their own lives) threw a huge breakup fight into the mixâ"the day before Emily was hospitalized. They also made up fights between Kumail and Emilyâs parents, as well as a race-related incident at one of Kumailâs shows where Emilyâs mother went to (verbal) battle with a heckler. Click here to read about the real story. Hollywood Drama Hollywood movies require drama, and extra drama is what writers Kumail and Emily delivered. To me, it made their story less believable. I would have preferred the true story. I started doing research on other movies âbased on true stories.â Not surprisingly, fictionalized fights and arguments were often added in for dramatic effect. For example, in Only the Brave, the leader of the team did not really have an argument with his wife the night before the big fire that killed him. And he did not give any pushback when one of his team membersâ"the one who ultimately survivedâ"told him he wanted to move to a different team that would provide him more stability. He was supportive from the get-go. But the movie depicted two fights and their ultimate resolution. Click here for more about the true account. In Marshall, fights were likewise inserted for dramatic effect. The real-life nephew of the lawyer Sam Friedman has said âthat the moment in the movie that is most âabsurdâ is when Sam tells Thurgood Marshall that he cant afford to lose the case, to which Marshall responds twice, âF*** you, Sam Friedman.ââ (Click to learn what really happened.) In real life, Marshall would never have said such a thing. Furthermore, Marshall did not come close to getting into a bar fight, and Friedman was never actually attacked for working on the case of Joseph Spell, as depicted in the movie. Addicted to Drama? I have more questions than answers about the embellishments made to these âtrueâ stories. Are we as a society so addicted to drama that we need additional conflict on top of what already exists in the world? Would we really not go to see movies that were more even-keeled? Or might we find them refreshing? Do we like watching other peopleâs drama so we feel better about our own? Do we like it because we learn from the movies that conflict can be resolved and that there is good will available if we look for it in others and in ourselves? I understand that fights are part of life and relationships. I appreciate real life, and sometimes even fictionalized, examples of conflict and resolution. But I also appreciate truth, and I donât like gratuitous drama any more than I like gratuitous violence. I wish that Hollywood would cut some of the unnecessary emotional wringers that writers put us through. I am also asking myself, âHow much unnecessary drama have I created in my own life? Am I making my own true story more of a roller coaster than it has to be?â The holiday season is a good time to shed light on where we might be embellishing our own stories with no real positive effect. I wish for us all that we pick our fights wisely and fight not to break our relationships apart, but to make them stronger.
Sunday, May 24, 2020
The game of basketball and the engine have been around for a long time. The game of basketball was invented in December 1891 and the engine was invented in 1680. Although they seem completely different they are not. Basketball and the engine are similar regarding their equipment and supplies needed, the procedures that take place, and the way they enhance oneÃ¢â¬â¢s life. The game of basketball was intended to condition young athletes. It started as a basic game, and as the years progressed, officials added rules that made the game how it is today. The game is played with no more than five players from each team at a time. This allows you to have team mates but not have too many people playing at one time. The engine was invented to make life and transportation easier. Over the years engines have become more complex and powerful which allows for more speed and better vehicles. Basketball may seem like a complicated sport but it is not unless one makes it complicated. In the game of basketball there is the basket which has a back board made of a sturdy glass and a net made from special rope. Then there is the basketball which is made of rubber with a leather cover for grip. The players wear shorts and a jersey with a number and sometimes the last name of the player on the back and the same number and team name on the front. The player will also wear a special shoe made for the sport. The shoes are made from different materials, and the bottom of the shoe has a good, stickyShow MoreRelatedNCAA Athletes Need Salaries Essay1505 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesseconds left. The winner takes home the title as the 1999 National champions. The ball is snapped, Bollinger drops back, fakes the pass, and pitches it to Dayne. He dodges a tackle, bounces off 2 blue jerseys, and stumbles in the end-zone for the game winning TD. Daynes hard work and perseverance paid off and l ed Wisconsin to a victory. But who really capitalizes when Ron Dayne leads his team to a National Championship? To Dayne, Paid Off in no way means he will receive a check from the UniversityRead MoreSwot Analysis : Amazon And Salesforce Essay1279 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesterms of compute capacity, storage, analytics and databases Compute Capacity: Compute capacity is the core competitive advantage for these three providers. Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) AWSÃ¢â¬â¢s using Elastic Compute Cloud while GoogleÃ¢â¬â¢s using Compute Engine. Azure has Virtual Machines and Virtual Machine Scale Sets. The price for EC2 (AWS) and VM (Azure) will be much higher than GoogleÃ¢â¬â¢s. Storage: Google is using Could Storage charging $0.026/gb/month, Azure is suing Data Lake Store charging $0.04/gb/monthRead MoreCollege Sports Is A Multi Billion Dollar Business1226 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesHewlett- Packard, Harley Davidson, Google, Disney, Apple, and Amazon. All huge businesses. However, did you happen to think of college sports? College sports is a multi-billion-dollar business. Let me share with you an example. In 2012, the NCAA menÃ¢â¬â¢s basketball March Madness tournament in, Ã¢â¬Å"TV ad earnings along eclipsed $1 billionÃ¢â¬ (Cheney-Rice Zak, Mic.com). Furthermore, in that very same year, Ã¢â¬Å"The NFL playoffs generated $976 million, while the NBA, MLB and NHL playoffs combined failed to out earn MarchRead MoreOriginal Clock At The Basketball Court Essay1595 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesspace and observing the scene unfolding in front of him nostalgically. Jade visited the basketball court everyday on his way back home after he finished working. It was part of his daily routine. He would always spend a good ten minutes walking around the perimeter of the court and studying the horde of children running across the court like lions chasing their preys. It reminded him of himself and his basketball team. However, he left later than usual today and the court was as empty as a desert.Read MoreTaking a Look at Bo Jackson1170 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesJackson first played football and baseball, two sports that was professional, then try your luck at basketball (with Michael Jordan), tennis (John McEnroe), ice hockey (with Wayne Gretzky) and athletics (with Sea and Decker). The first ad was so successful that Nike decided to do more, playing on these occasions to cycling, football (with Welshman Ian Rush), cricket, surfing, weightlifting, engine and horse riding. The American company found in Bo Jackson to a gold mine: the first athlete in history Read MoreImportant Letters Serve As A Substitute For An Ip Address Essay701 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesrecently, URL structure was largely ignored from an SEO standpoint. Nowadays, however, SEOs are realizing the significant role URLs can play in rankings. These three important letters serve as a substitute for an IP address, informing users and search engines on what the page consists of. An ideal URL should be simple and straight to the point, without a series of confusing letters, numbers and symbols. A well structured, easily readable URL can contribute to a boost in rankings, especially for smallerRead MoreThe Between Math And Sports1680 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesand five in a division. Create a table for your results. Look at win and loss data for teams in basketball, for example, the NBA. Compute the WL% for ten teams of your choice. Create a table for your results. What other sports use WL%? Is WL% always expressed as a percentage? Explain your answer. WebQuest 3 - The NBA Draft Lottery The NBA Draft Lottery is an annual event held by the National Basketball Association in which the teams who had missed the playoffs in the previous season participate inRead More Graduation Speech Essay1426 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagessurvive his Windows 2000 class since I hadnt taken the required prerequisites and was pretty lost. Mr. Ver Hoeven, our Sports Medicine Teacher and Athletic Trainer, stays after school every day, and taped my ankles before almost every basketball practice and every game, even though we would always mess up his room and leave inappropriate things on his computer. Mr. VanValkenburg, the Ag. Mechanics teacher, knows everything about everything. He is very hard working and teaches by example, and I cantRead MoreGoogle s Impact On The World1256 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesis one of the most popular, and most used web search engines in the world. Google also has many services that helps you send mail, generate website pages, and create blogs. With all of these great tools come many great, user-friendly features specifically tied to Google. Google has vastly become one of the best search engines in the world, if not the best. Google averages about 12 billion searches per month, which is the most by any search engine in the world. Users can also search for photos, newslettersRead MoreThe Night - Original Writing906 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesstepsÃ¢â¬âand she grabbed her momÃ¢â¬â¢s car keys carefully exiting the house, shutting the door quietly behind her. She jogged to the car, which was parked on the street in front of her house and hopped inside, starting the engine. She quickly looked back to make sure that the older carÃ¢â¬â¢s engine had not stirred anyone in the house. No lights were on inside the residence, which Evelyn took as a good sign that her parents had not awoken. It didnÃ¢â¬â¢t take her long to reach her destination. It was a small town
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
Biblical counseling is a ministry of the local church whereby transforming individualÃ¢â¬â¢s beliefs into following the family of Christ. It is sanctioned to empower us as believers in Christ Jesus, allowing all to know that we can do all things through Him. If one believes in Christ, He can help lead us, guide us, counsel us, provide remedies for us, and show us how to handle any situation through the word of God. In the process He will allow us to let His wisdom shine and to teach us how to help others in this world of sin. We as biblical counselors can learn to help people in every circumstance. I learned there are many different ways to counsel. The main thing I learned was that Scripture is superior to anythingÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦One focus of biblical counseling is to help others develop a biblical worldview of their life and recognize the core truth that guides right thinking and actions. The goal of biblical counseling is spiritual maturity. True change is the result of the Holy Spirit working in oneÃ¢â¬â¢s heart. This work often includes intervention by other people such as a pastor, a mentor, or a counselor. The biblical counselor helps people identify their problems in biblical terms that may involve a renaming of the problem, such as, alcoholism versus drunkenness. As this is done, the individualÃ¢â¬â¢s view of his or her problem is changed and becomes biblical. This process is filled with grace and is ultimately redemptive. The gospel of Jesus Christ is the foundation for the work of biblical counseling. In order to go forth with any counseling session; one needs to study the Bible passage carefully to discover biblical principles applicable to each person and what they are going through, then one will need to utilize said Godly principles. Consequently, one will need to be creative in how the Bible is used in each counseling session. One will need to ensure that they get to know the person that they are counseling, the issues that they face, and what their spiritual belief is. There are many different methods that exist for using the Bible in counseling. One should determine, with the discernment of the Holy Spirit, which methods to use in each situation. However, in order to beShow MoreRelatedEssay on Theory Critique: Crabb and Hawkins1241 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesof the Content Both authors express many overlapping elements of revealed truth in regard to the process of counseling and the problems that are derived in the life of clients and people suffering from disorders and psychologically unhealthy mindsets. Hawkins utilizes a theory of 5 concentric circles defining the human psyche and physiology. Hawkins goes on to relay his theory of counseling that utilizes 4 phases in which the counselor and the client work through the issues that hinder the clientRead MoreFree Essay Is a Scam1711 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagestruth cultural mandate multiple perspective and co-operative learning (van leeuwen) Science is not based on faith that physical laws will apply forever ,or in different places in the inverse. Page 67. As ecological findings drove biblical scholars to reread the biblical mandates concerning our environmental stewardship, so recent psychological findings have stimulated new questions among people of faith. One example shows new information about sexual orientation. These findings have prompted someRead MoreCrabb Theory Critique1057 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIntroduction/Summary The integrative Christian perspective of Lawrence Crabb in his book, Effective Biblical Counseling is enlightening on the simplest level. The overall presentation and concept creates much introspection of motives, which threaten ones biblical thinking and behavior patterns that create relationship and personal problems. There are many strengths and positive points to adopting this counseling style the most prevalent being the focus on restoring others to God through correcting the assumptionsRead MoreTheory Critique1539 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Summary Psychology has been primarily viewed as a methodical system that seeks empirical evidence to explain nature, while theology is often viewed as reasoning based on manÃ¢â¬â¢s eternal destiny as discussed in biblical teachings. Falsities are held within both of these historical beliefs. Psychology often Ã¢â¬Å"considers questions for which empirical evidence is not available, or even possible,Ã¢â¬ (Entwistle, 2010, p. 125). Theology must not Ã¢â¬Å"ignore the fact that manRead MoreIntegrating Religious And Spirituality Within Counseling, Explicit Integration, And Integration954 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Summary There are several key concepts in this study. Religion and spirituality are discussed and compared to the knowledge and skills one learns when dealing with multicultural counseling. Walker, Gorsuch, and Tan (2004), there are three approaches to integrating religious and spirituality in counseling, explicit integration, implicit integration, and intrapersonal integration. Explicit integration Ã¢â¬Å"is a more overt approach that directly and systematically deals with spiritual or religious issuesRead MoreAnnotated Bibliography On Family Therapy1629 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesissue that families, couples, singles, Christian counselors, and therapists might encounter in their scope of practice. The book entitled, Ã¢â¬Å"Christian Counseling Third Edition: A Comprehensive GuideÃ¢â¬ by Gary R. Collins, Ph.D. main focus or purpose is staying undated by every revenue in the broadest areas of family counseling, the hospital, ethical data, society current issues, and religious views. The background and credibility of the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s contents of this book receiveRead MoreInterpersonal Effectiveness : The Principle Of Mindfulness1368 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesallows the client to interact with other group members in a positive learn environment. Inconsistencies to DBT Approach The principle of mindfulness is based on Zen Buddhism which can be problematic when mindfulness and acceptable are not based on Biblical truth (Tan, 2011, p. 247). Mindfulness principle is emerged from spirituality and religious beliefs and involves self-regulation of attention and adopting a particular orientation to event around an individual. Self-regulation is done through maintainingRead MoreA Reflective Paper On Integration852 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIntegrative Advantages According to McMinn (2010), one of the advantages is the reflection of diversity and its implications for counselors as we Ã¢â¬Å"look through two lenses simultaneouslyÃ¢â¬ (p. 4), those of Ã¢â¬Å"tradition validityÃ¢â¬ and employment in advance of, but not to the exclusion of, empirical science and applied practice (Johnson, 2010 p. 174). A second advantage is in that of the counselor who demonstrates the Spirit of Truth, biblical traits of stewardship, shepherding and servanthood and acknowledges theRead MoreProspects For Future Study1169 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesRecommended Revisions As this project is brought to a close, a reflection can be made on what should be done differently. The project did not struggle with a timeline or gathering information on soldier suicides at the state level. The project did not suffer from lack of participation by chaplains who heard the initial phase 1 introduction to CALLS training and enlistment for more information. However, the Project Director acknowledges that there was an underestimate to the sheer volume of informationRead MoreTheory Critique of Crabb and Hawkins Essay826 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageschecking secular concepts in light of Biblical truth. The third view Ã¢â¬Å"Nothing ButteryÃ¢â¬ , fails in that it disregards psychology altogether. This view says that all that is needed is Christ. The fourth Ã¢â¬Å"Spoiling the EgyptiansÃ¢â¬ , is the most balanced of the four approaches (Crabb, 1977). This approach teaches that psychology is under the authority of GodÃ¢â¬â¢s word. The bible is GodÃ¢â¬â¢s infallible, inerrant, inspired revelation. Scripture is to have priority over non-biblical opinion in a functional capacity
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Abstract With a need to maintain order and protect the citizens, nations such as Angola are grappling with how to create and maintain a police force. This study assesses the strengths and weaknesses of using non-state police forces in a law keeping and enforcement capacity. The results of this study illustrate that there is a high potential for corruption, yet, the need for protection is greater than the possibility of abuse. We will write a custom essay sample on Policing in Angola or any similar topic only for you Order Now This study will be of interest to any person delving into the strengths and weaknesses of a non-state policing solution. 1 Introduction The need to ensure the security of the ordinary citizens in the nation of Angola on a day to day basis has prompted the consideration of creating and applying non-state policing actors (Hallsworth et al., 2011; Baker, 2006). With too little money from the regional government given for a police force, outside actors including businesses, private citizens and foreign nations can be utilized as investors in order to provide the service of policing the community. Non-state police forces are often unregulated and have the potential to take on a wide variety of forms that will speak to the characteristics of the surrounding population (Wood et al., 2007; Gill, 1994). Yet, it is necessary to avoid varied forces including vigilante groups that seek their own goals to neighbourhood watches and instead seek to stabilize a community made up of equally varied members giving the population to find them working against the same mutual enemy. Violent crime as well as rampant civil rights abuses has continuously promoted the need for a policing force throughout Angola and the entire African continent (Johnston et al., 2003; Wood et al., 2007). Alongside the need to keep the peace is the inherent need of the underlying community to support the force and the policies resting behind the enforcement of the tenants of the region. What cannot be denied is that despite the potential for abuse, there is a need for a centred and recognizable police force, whether a state or non-state actor, in order to ensure that day to day activities that contribute to the long term health of the nation are attended to. This brief illustrates the pro and con arguments surrounding the non-state police agenda and highlights the strengths and weaknesses of the system. 2 Non state policing in Angola 2.1 Pro non state policing There is several sound reasons that a government such as AngolaÃ¢â¬â¢s would choose to create and implement a non-state policing force (Wood et al., 2007; Hallsworth et al., 2011). Ranking as the primary motivation is the need for community security that allows for day to day activities to progress without hindrance. Furthermore, this perception of cultural stability aids in the operation of the underlying and associated financial and consumer markets that are themselves integral to the stability of the state (Crank et al., 2007; Baker, 2010). With a law abiding citizenry comes the opportunity to build a sound financial base that allows the operation of external and internal projects. With high crime rates to blame for abuses against the most vulnerable of Angola, the absence of a police force allows the criminal element to come to the fore, which in turn is directly against the needs of the regional population to grow and prosper (Hallsworth et al., 2011; Baker, 2006). Enforcement of the law is only one facet of any regions police force, making the need for a working unit critical to Angola (Johnston et al., 2003). Absent the taxpayer funds to establish and operate a working force, the non-state police option provides a method that can accomplish the goals of both the government and the consumer community. With a private force the tax payer does not typically feel the sting of payment that these forces need to remain relevant in the states interest (Gill, 1994; Baker, 2006). This element provides many opportunities for private investors to step forth and equip the non-state police force in a manner that some of the poorer nations, such as Angola, can only hope to afford. Furthermore, a key advantage of many outside or private police entities are the established outside contacts and expertise that is brought into the region as a result of the engagement (Crank et al., 2007; Baker, 2006). In many cases the skilled labour may not be present in the im mediate area, requiring the need to look to the outside community for better talent and resources. Another opportunity provided by the consideration of a non-state police force in Angola is the potential to transform relations with neighbour nations or allies by incorporating elements of their working infrastructure (Gill, 1994; Johnston et al., 2003). It is become more common of multinational police forces to work together towards a goal that serves to benefit the entire international outlook by ensuring the stability of the region. Furthermore, this form of non-state or shared policing builds bridges and understanding between enforcement departments that often have work across national and international borders in order to address the issue at hand (Hallsworth et al., 2011). In summary, the primary positives resting behind the non-state police force in Angola is the increase in talent, decrease in state funds spent and the opportunity to find international partners that will assist to maintain order in the long run. 2.2 Against Non-state policing As with any employee or outside agency, bringing in an outside police force to Angola, holds the potential to be abused and subverted to the interests of others (Hallsworth et al., 2011; Baker, 2010). Private interests often play a pivotal role in choosing, maintaining and implementing any form of non-state policing, making the persons behind the effort at once suspect and complicit in the case of corruption. Lending itself well to the spectre of corruption, non-state policing can have chilling impact on the target community by stifling business and community activities to the point that there is a visible loss of enthusiasm and production (Johnston et al., 2003; Wood et al., 2007). Furthermore, this perception of public abuse on the part of the policing efforts contributes to criminal activity and unproductive behaviour on the part of the local population. A secondary concern when dealing with a non-state police force in Angola is the need for the organisation to properly understand the community that they are assigned to protect (Wood et al., 2007; Crank et al., 2007). Many times an outside operator will mistake a cultural element as a risk, which in turn may lead to an issue that should never have been created in the first place. Furthermore, the local populace may not hold a great deal of confidence in the outside force, which can become a substantial hindrance in the operation of day to day policing activities (Baker, 2002; Wood et al., 2007). If the community is not helpful many opportunities will be lost to the non-state police effort. Yet, this can many times turn into a private citizenry that expects special favours of the police force, leading to another issue that has the potential to lead to widespread abuse and corruption. The level of training and professionalism among these private forces can quickly become a liability in the effort to sustain a working police force (Johnston et al., 2003; Baker, 2002). With many forces seeking to cut corners and save money whenever possible, there is a real potential to provide a undertrained and ill equipped force that could possible cause more harm than good in the region. Furthermore, the less training provided to the force enhances the opportunity for corruption and the skewing of the original effort to protect the citizenry (Baker, 2010; Crank et al., 2007). Finally, with a force that relies on funding there is the real possibility for a rich person or outside organisation to negatively influence the operation of the police force, making the need for oversight both critical and expensive (Wood et al., 2007; Gill, 1994). In summary, the negative aspects of using a non-state police force include possible corruption, lack of training and the absence of cultural sensitivity that aids in conducting many day to day police centred operations. Furthermore, there is the very real opportunity for a well-funded outside entity to have a substantial impact on the operation of the police force, which in turn can produce a range of further negativity. 3 Conclusion The need to ensure the security of the ordinary citizen on a day to day basis throughout Angola has prompted the consideration of a non-state policing system. As this brief indicates, there is a need for a police force in order to create a sustainable and liveable condition in the nation of Angola. Yet, as the evidence insists, the presence of corruption and abuse is likely. However, the need for citizenry protection and stability outweighs the possibility of negative policy. It would seem possible for an Angolan effort to keep the policing force transparent would lead to a working force that benefits the population more than the special interests. Coupled with the reduction in overall state costs, the prospect of a working police force provides outside investors with a reason to hope for stability, thereby increasing the likelihood of investment which aids in the building Angolan infrastructure. In the end, no matter the negative potential, the evidence suggests that a non-state policing force offers more benefit than detriment, leading to the recommendation of creating and implementing a non-state policing force in the African nation of Angola. References Baker, B. (2002). Living with non-state policing in South Africa: the issues and dilemmas. The Journal of Modern African Studies, 40(01). Baker, B. (2006). The African post-conflict policing agenda in Sierra Leone. Conflict, Security Development, 6(1), pp.25-49. Baker, B. (2010). Grasping the Nettle of Nonstate Policing. Journal of International Peacekeeping, 14(3-4), pp.276-300. Crank, J. and Giacomazzi, A. (2007). Areal policing and public perceptions in a non?urban setting: one size fits one. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies Management, 30(1), pp.108-131. Gill, P. (1994). Policing politics. London: F. Cass. Hallsworth, S. and Lea, J. (2011). Reconstructing Leviathan: Emerging contours of the security state.Theoretical Criminology, 15(2), pp.141-157. Johnston, L. and Shearing, C. (2003). Governing security. London: Routledge. Wood, J. and Shearing, C. (2007). Imagining security. Cullompton: Willan. ZIMBABWE: Security Sector Reform Deadlock. (2011). Africa Research Bulletin: Political, Social and Cultural Series, 48(7), pp.18921C-18923C. How to cite Policing in Angola, Essay examples
Monday, May 4, 2020
Question: Discusss about theCompany Accounting for McCarthys Cafes Ltd. Answer: To, Mary McCarthy Managing Director, McCarthys Cafes Ltd, Suite 6889, Level 18, Cafe Plaza Building, 685 Charles Street, Adelaide SA 5000 Respected Madam, At first I would like to thank you for asking us to assist you in the process of making decision regarding various relevant sources that would guide the accounting team of the firm McCarthys Cafes Ltd. It has been found that there are various problems that are related to the financial condition of the firm Piper, Pepper and Associates. In this regard, the computation of the depreciation and the asset valuation are considered as the significant issues that pose a threat to the particular business regarding its sustainability in the present competitive market. The financial statement preparation is based on the guidelines of accounting that are ubiquitous at the particular point of time (Leo, Hoggett Sweeting, 2012). Additionally, any other inconsistencies that exist in the present policies of accounting might be determined and might have an influence on the businesss various financial strategies. A detailed study of the financial condition of the firm is mandatory in order to determine the significant financial strategies for development of the business venture (Vanderhoof Altman, 2013). Moreover, the present market share and the type of industry to which the firm belongs to is considered a vital factor as these help the organization to develop various financial strategies based on the condition of both home and international market (Needles, Powers Crosson, 2013). The financial policies are required to prepare the policies of the business and it has been found that the particular firm had obtained a business segment of Karens Coffees Ltd for $950000. Nevertheless, the book value was recorded as $650000 for the total transaction. Therefore, this inequality in measuring the assets should be rectified in the annual reports of the firm in order to reflect the proper financial situation of the organization. It has been found that McCarthys Cafes Ltd proposes to bridge up this gap in the book as goodwill. However, the valuation of intangible properties (such as goodwill) should be treated in an accurate way in order to assess the relevant financial situation of the organization. Generally, intangible assets are considered as a vital component of financial policies (Singh, 2014). Therefore, these assets should be measured and accounted separately for the operational policies of the business. The economic value of properties for a particular period ha s to be assessed with the aim to measure the value of the intangible assets of the firm (Christensen, Baker Cottrell, 2014). In addition to this, the increase in the goodwill is not involved in the assets as it is stated in the AASB 138, in the paragraph 48 that the goodwill that has been generated internally should not be considered as the property in the financial statements. The valuation of the firm is measured on the basis of the condition of the external market environment, which includes spontaneous creation, volatility and the issues regarding re-enforcement and protection (Predko, 2015). Thus, business analysts play a vital role in an organization as he can relate the exchange between estate owners and gift tax purposes. On the basis of the financial condition of the firm, its marketing and operational policies are generally determined (Christensen, Glover Wood, 2013). Thus, business transactions are considered as goodwill and it has an influence on both the marketing and operational policies (Bierstaker, Janvrin Lowe, 2014). The intangible assets value should be evaluated in a proper way to evaluate the value of original assets accurately. It has been noted that intangible assets are mainly documented in the financial statements only if it brings economic advantages to the organization (Christensen, Glover Wood, 2013). As per AASB 116, paragraph 15, it can be said that any plant, property and equipment (PPE) that gets qualified for the recognition criteria of a property should be considered at its cost. On the other hand, AASB 116, paragraph 29 states that a business is eligible is to select either the revaluation model or cost model as the accounting policy and the whole class of PPE should be implemented with the policy. According to paragraph 36, PPE should be revalued and not just one asset. However, I am afraid that this gain might not be considered as the sales revenue. According to AASB 116, paragraph 39, the gain is not considered within the sales revenue. Additionally, if the carrying value of assets is increased due to revaluation, the increased amount is mentioned in the comprehensive income and is collected in equity under the revaluation surplus. The operational policies of business should be restructured to evaluate the various issues of an organization (Hribar, Kravet Wilson, 2014). On the other hand, the revised budget and profit and loss statement imply that it fall short by 10 to 15%. Thus the value of land should be revised to meet the present value of the firm. For bridging this gap, profits of the firm have been raised to $2500000. The revised budget will help the firm to allocate accurate costs for its operations and this will help to set organizational goals (Needles, Powers Crosson, 2013). For the particular firm, the assets and liabilities should be revaluated for assessing its pertinent value. The firms balance sheet and income statement should be prepared based on the recognition criteria of the Australian Accounting Standard Board (Messier, 2014). Therefore, internal auditing, which is considered as an efficient financial instrument should be implemented within the firm. This will help to prevent financial irregularities and will also abolish the wastage of financial resources. The firm should focus mainly on the development of effective forecasting policies for the firm (Hribar, Kravet Wilson, 2014). This will help to protect the business from any kind of financial crisis. The assessment of the depreciation on the machinery is a major problem as it damages the firms financial processes. The depreciation rate has been recorded as 2% in context of 20%, whereas, the rate of building depreciation is recorded as 0.5% instead of 5% in the books of accounts. It has been analyzed that the present rates of depreciations that are followed in the firm has been much lower than the original rate of depreciation that has been accepted by the firm (Needles, Powers Crosson, 2013). The depreciation on machinery is considered as an important part of the firms financial policies. Thus, the business has to opt one from the marketing strategies of business and accounting for depreciation. In order to assess the proper costs of depreciation, the firm can select any one among both the methods of depreciation straight line and written down method (Bierstaker, Janvrin Lowe, 2014). Therefore, it can be said that implication of proper financial policies helps a business to re move all its discrepancies from its operational policies. Moreover, the measurement method of the firm should be shifted to the method of fair value in order to assess the present market condition based on the present value of the assets. Treatment of errors: When any error is identified within the financial report, the most important thing is to assess the errors materiality prior to the treatment as the material errors are only needed to be adjusted in the earlier financial reports. As per the AASB 108, paragraph 5, an item is counted as a material, only if the misstatement of the particular item influences the decision making skills on the basis of the financial statements. The particular firm can also follow the guidelines that are provided in the AASB 108 in order to identify the materiality by comparing the pre-determined base amount with the error percentage. At the time, when this percentage is greater than 10%, error is counted as material and if it less than 5%, then it is considered as immaterial. On the basis of the errors nature, fair judgment should be applied in order to determine materiality. The journal entries are required to be structured in a proper way and should also be adjusted accordingly and accurately as this will help to diminish the gap in between the depreciations of various accounts (Hribar, Kravet Wilson, 2014). Additionally, by rectifying the journal entries, the adjustments in the books of accounts can also be done that help the firm to run in right direction. In case of computer systems, the life span has been miscalculated that resulted into financial inconsistencies. Therefore, the firm should e-calculate the life span of all the assets in order to get accurate and relevant data. On the basis of the provided information related to third issue, the error would result into an overstatement of property as an amount of accounts receivable, which should be significantly higher. For a material error, a retrospective restatement should be implemented for error of earlier period. However, if the retrospective adjustments are not applicable, then the changes should be done in future accurately. Thus, the organization should take some measures and should also develop some strategies both marketing and operational to decrease its discrepancies and to identify the depreciation amount of the assets (Needles, Powers Crosson, 2013). The additional amount at the end of three years should be replaced for developing accurate financial policies. Moreover, the transformation of the firm from proprietary to public company might also affect the financial and operational policies of the firm, along with these; legal complexities might also occur (Christensen, Glover Wood, 2013). Thus, adequate resources and time is required for running the business successfully (Bierstaker, Janvrin Lowe, 2014). Therefore, it can be said that the particular business organization McCarthys Cafes Ltd might require sufficient amount of financial resources in order to meet the working capital or the daily expenses for operating the business effectively and efficiently. Lastly, I would again like to thank you for asking help from our organization. We will look forward to continue working with your company. Regards Peter Senior Manager, Piper, Pepper and Associates 59889, George Street, Unley, SA 5061 References Bierstaker, J., Janvrin, D., Lowe, D. J. (2014). What factors influence auditors' use of computer-assisted audit techniques?.Advances in Accounting,30(1), 67-74. Christensen, B. E., Glover, S. M., Wood, D. A. (2013). Extreme estimation uncertainty and audit assurance.Current Issues in Auditing,7(1), P36-P42. Christensen, T. E., Baker, R. E., Cottrell, D. M. (2014).Advanced Financial Accounting. The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Hribar, P., Kravet, T., Wilson, R. (2014). A new measure of accounting quality.Review of Accounting Studies,19(1), 506-538. Leo, K. J., Hoggett, J., Sweeting, J. (2012).Company Accounting, Google eBook. John Wiley Sons. Messier, W. F. (2014). An approach to learning risk-based auditing.Journal of Accounting Education,32(3), 276-287. Needles, B. E., Powers, M., Crosson, S. V. (2013).Principles of accounting. Cengage Learning. Predko, I. (2015). Accounting-and-Control Support for the Companies Activity in the Context of Crisis.Accounting and Finance, (4), 61-66. Singh, M. (2014). Simplifying Private Company Accounting Standards: Understanding the Costs.CFA Institute Magazine,25(3), 51-51. Vanderhoof, I. T., Altman, E. (Eds.). (2013).The fair value of insurance liabilities(Vol. 1). Springer Science Business Media.